Computer as an important "transportation" tool to the future world, connecting to the Internet has become an important way to get a lot of resources and information. However, in order to achieve a network connection, an authentication mechanism needs to be completed first, and the IP address is the code used to identify the physical location of the computer.
Static IP and dynamic IP are two common IP address types that play different roles in network communication. A dynamic IP address is a temporary IP address randomly assigned by a router that changes every time a computer is turned off. This allocation is suitable for most home users and mobile devices because it saves IP address resources and allows multiple devices to take turns using the same IP address.
In contrast, a static IP is a permanent IP address assigned to a user's computer by an Internet service provider (ISP), which always stays the same and does not change when the computer is shut down and restarted. Static IP addresses are usually used in applications that require long-term stable connections, such as servers, network cameras, and network printers. Because the static IP address does not change, other devices can always find these devices through this IP address.
Static IP Settings are not complex, although compared to dynamic IP requires a few more steps, but for users with a certain amount of computer experience, it is not difficult to master. The setting of a static IP address is not affected by whether the computer is connected to the Internet. Even a single computer can also set a static IP address.
The following are the detailed steps for configuring static IP:
Find the Network Settings screen: Find the network Settings screen on your computer. Usually, in Windows operating systems, you can click the network icon in the bottom right corner, select "Open Network and Internet Settings" from the menu that pops up, and then click "Change Adapter Options."
Locate the local connection: In the adapter options, find "Local Connection," which refers to the network adapter your computer uses. Right click on "Local Connection" and select "Properties".
Configure IPv4 protocol: In the Properties dialog box, locate the "Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)" option and double-click it to go to Settings.
Select Use Static IP Address: In the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) properties dialog box that pops up, select the "Use the following IP address" option, then enter the static IP address you obtained in the text box below. Static IP addresses are usually provided by your Internet service provider (ISP) and you can ask them for them.
Enter the subnet mask and default gateway: In addition to the static IP address, enter the subnet mask and default gateway. The subnet mask is used to define the extent of the local network, while the default gateway is the communication outlet between your local network and other networks. This information is also usually provided by the ISP.
Enter DNS server: In the same properties dialog box, you also need to enter the address of the DNS server. A DNS server is used to translate web addresses into IP addresses so that websites can be accessed correctly. Similarly, DNS server addresses are usually provided by the ISP.
Apply Settings: Once all configurations are complete, click the "OK" button to apply these Settings. At this point, your computer will connect to the network using a static IP address.
It is important to note that if your computer is not connected to the network, you only need to comply with the IP address rules to set it up. However, if it is a networked computer, it needs to be set according to the network requirements, so that it can be correctly networked.
In general, static IP configuration is slightly more complex than dynamic IP, but through the above steps, you can easily complete the static IP Settings, so that your computer has a fixed IP address, more convenient for network communication and management. Static IP addresses provide stability and reliability, and are suitable for applications that require long-term stable connections, such as servers and network devices.